Gum disease is often a painless condition affecting the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. It is characterised by swollen or receding and bleeding gums, tooth mobility, occasional abscesses, bad breath and in severe cases can lead to loss of teeth.
There are two main types of Gum Disease; Gingivitis and Periodontitis.
Gingivitis means inflammation of the gums. This is when the gums around the teeth become red and swollen. Often the swollen gums can bleed when they are brushed during cleaning.
If gingivitis is left untreated it can develop into periodontal disease. This affects the tooths supporting structures and as the disease progresses, the bone anchoring the tooth to the jaw is lost, leaving it loose. If the condition is not treated, it can eventually lead to loss of teeth.
Unfortunately, Periodontitis is irreversible and any bone which has been dissolved away will not grow back. However the earlier it is detected, the quicker it can be treated and stabilised to ensure no further damage occurs.
If you notice any of the symptoms below, you are advised to contact your dentist for a periodontal check-up:
- Bleeding gums
- Bad breath
- Mobile teeth
- Gaps in between your teeth which were not there in the past
- Teeth changing position/drifting
- Recession of the gums (this is when the gum starts moving away from the tooth)
Mild cases of the disease can be treated by your general dentist, but moderate or severe cases, or cases where initial treatment did not provide the desired results, may warrant referral to a periodontal specialist, a Periodontist.
If you are experiencing any issues with gum disease, book an appointment with our Periodontist for a consultation today.